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National Institutes of Health Definitions

Definition of Disadvantaged Background:

An individual with a disadvantaged background is from a family with an annual income below a level based on low-income thresholds according to family size (published by the US Census Bureau), adjusted annually for changes in the Consumer Price Index, and adjusted by the Secretary for use in all health professions programs. The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation periodically publishes these poverty guidelines.

Definition of Individuals with Disabilities:

Individuals with disabilities are those with physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, as described in the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended.

Definition of Underrepresented Populations in the US Biomedical, Clinical, Behavioral, and Social Sciences Research Enterprise

Underrepresented populations are racial and ethnic groups that have been shown by the National Science Foundation to be underrepresented in health-related sciences on a national basis; see the National Science Foundation NCSES Publications and Data and the 2015 report Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering. The following racial and ethnic groups have been shown to be underrepresented in biomedical research: American Indians or Alaska Natives, Blacks or African Americans, Hispanics or Latinos, and Native Hawaiians or Other Pacific Islanders. In addition, it is recognized that underrepresentation can vary from setting to setting, and individuals from racial or ethnic groups that can be convincingly demonstrated to be underrepresented by the grantee institution should be included in the recruitment and retention plan.